Russell Stendal Teaches on Exodus Chapters 20-22 [Spanish]
Exodus Chapter 20
1 And God spoke all these words, saying,
2 I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt out of the house of slavery.
3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above or that is in the earth beneath nor that is in the water under the earth.
5 Thou shalt not bow down to them nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons unto the third and fourth generation of those that hate me
6 and showing mercy unto thousands of generations of those that love me and keep my commandments.
7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain for the Lord will not hold guiltless anyone that takes his name in vain.
8 Thou shalt remember the sabbath day, to sanctify it.
9 Six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work;
10 but the seventh day shall be the sabbath of the Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manslave, nor thy maidslave, nor thy beast, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates;
11 for in six days the Lord made the heavens and earth, the sea, and all that is in them and rested the seventh day; therefore, the Lord blessed the sabbath day and sanctified it.
12 Honour thy father and thy mother that thy days may be lengthened upon the land which the Lord thy God gives thee.
13 Thou shalt not murder.
14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.
15 Thou shalt not steal.
16 Thou shalt not give false testimony against thy neighbour.
17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manslave, nor his maidslave, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.
18 And all the people saw the thunderings and the lightnings and the noise of the trumpet and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off.
19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us lest we die.
20 Then Moses said unto the people, Fear not, for God is come to prove you and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.
21 Then the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.
22 And the Lord said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the sons of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.
24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings and thy peace offerings, thy sheep and thine oxen; in whatever place where I cause my name to be remembered, I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.
25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone; for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.
26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto my altar that thy nakedness not be discovered thereon.
Exodus Chapter 21
1 Now these are the rights which thou shalt set before them.
2 If thou should buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he was married, then his wife shall go out with him.
4 If his master has given him a wife, and she has born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out by himself.
5 And if the slave shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free.
6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him forever.
7 And if a man should sell his daughter to be a maidslave, she shall not go out as the menslaves do.
8 If she pleases not her master, who therefore took her not unto himself to wife, then it is permitted that she be ransomed; and he may not sell her unto a strange nation when he rejects her.
9 And if he has betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.
10 If he takes another wife, her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, he shall not diminish.
11 And if he does not do these three things unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
12 He that smites a man so that he dies shall be surely put to death.
13 And if a man did not lie in wait but God delivered him into his hand, then I will appoint thee a place where he shall flee.
14 But if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbour to slay him with prudence, thou shalt take him from my altar that he may die.
15 And he that smites his father or his mother shall be surely put to death.
16 Likewise he that steals a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
17 In the same manner he that curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
18 And if men strive together and one smites another with a stone or with his fist and he dies not, but keeps his bed,
19 if he rises again and walks abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be absolved, only he shall pay for the loss of his time and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.
20 And if a man smites his slave or his maid with a rod and he dies under his hand, he shall be surely punished.
21 Notwithstanding, if he continues a day or two, he shall not be punished, for he is his money.
22 If men strive and hurt a woman with child so that she aborts but without death, he shall be surely punished according as the woman’s husband will lay upon him, and he shall pay by the judges.
23 And if there is death, then thou shalt pay life for life,
24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
25 burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
26 And if someone smites the eye of their slave or the eye of their maid that it perishes, he shall let them go free for their eye’s sake.
27 And if he smites out his manslave’s tooth or his maidslave’s tooth, he shall let them go free for their tooth’s sake.
28 If an ox gores a man or a woman that they die, then the ox shall surely be stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be absolved.
29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past and it has been testified to his owner, and he has not kept him in, but that he has killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.
30 If there is laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatever is laid upon him.
31 Whether it has gored a son or has gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.
32 If the ox shall gore a manslave or a maidslave, he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
33 And if someone shall open a pit or if someone shall dig a pit and not cover it and an ox or an ass falls in it,
34 the owner of the pit shall make it good and give money unto their owner, and the dead beast shall be his.
35 And if one man’s ox hurts another’s that he dies; then they shall sell the live ox and divide the money of it, and the dead ox they shall also divide.
36 Or if it is known that the ox used to push in time past and his owner has not kept him in, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead shall be his own.
Exodus Chapter 22
1 If a man shall steal an ox or a sheep and kill it or sell it he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.
2 If a thief is found breaking into a house and is smitten so he dies, he that killed him shall not be guilty of his blood.
3 If the sun is risen upon him, he that killed him is guilty of his blood; the thief should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
4 If he is found with the theft in his hand, whether it be ox or ass or sheep, he shall restore double.
5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten and shall put in his beast and shall feed in another man’s field; of the best of his own field and of the best of his own vineyard shall he make restitution.
6 When fires are lit and in burning the thorns burn also the stacks of sheaves or the standing grain, or the field is consumed; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.
7 When a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it is stolen out of the man’s house; if the thief is found, let him pay double.
8 If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges to see whether he has put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods.
9 For all manner of fraud, whether it be for an ox, for an ass, for a sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.
10 If a man delivers unto his neighbour an ass or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep, and it dies or is hurt or driven away, no man seeing it,
11 then shall an oath of the Lord be between them both, that he has not put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods, and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.
12 And if it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto its owner.
13I f it is torn in pieces, then let him bring witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.
14 And if anyone borrows anything of his neighbour, and it is hurt or dies, its owner not being with it, he shall surely make it good.
15 But if its owner is with it, he shall not make it good; if it was hired, it came for its hire.
16 If a man should entice a virgin that is not betrothed and lie with her, he shall surely endow her and take her to be his wife.
17 If her father utterly refuses to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
19 Whoever lies with a beast shall surely be put to death.
20 He that sacrifices unto any god, except unto the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.
21 Thou shalt neither mistreat a stranger nor oppress him; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
22 Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.
23 If thou afflict them in any manner, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;
24 and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
25 If thou should lend money to my people, to the poor who is with thee, thou shalt not be to him as a usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.
26 If thou at all take thy neighbour’s clothing as a pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him before the sun goes down;
27 for only that is his covering, it is his clothing to cover his flesh, in which he must sleep; and it shall come to pass, when he cries unto me, that I will hear, for I am merciful.
28 Thou shalt not revile the judges nor curse the prince of thy people.
29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits and of thy liquors; the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen and with thy sheep; seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it to me.
31 And ye shall be holy men unto me; neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.